How Many Division in Bangladesh

number of divisions in bangladesh

Do you ever wonder how many divisions there are in Bangladesh? Well, let's dive into the topic!

In Bangladesh, there are a total of eight divisions, each with its unique charms and characteristics. These divisions play a crucial role in the country's administration, ensuring efficient governance and effective service delivery.

So, whether you're a curious traveler or a budding scholar, get ready to explore the fascinating world of divisions in Bangladesh!

History of Divisional Structure

There are a total of eight divisions in Bangladesh, each with its own unique history of the divisional structure. The evolution of the divisional structure in Bangladesh can be traced back to the country's independence in 1971. At that time, Bangladesh was divided into four administrative divisions – Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, and Rajshahi. These divisions were created to facilitate efficient governance and administration in the newly independent country.

Over the years, the divisional structure in Bangladesh has undergone several changes. In 1983, three more divisions – Barisal, Sylhet, and Rangpur – were added to the existing four divisions. The purpose of these additional divisions was to further decentralize governance and bring government services closer to the people. This expansion of the divisional structure had a significant impact on governance in Bangladesh.

The divisional structure in Bangladesh has played a crucial role in decentralizing power and decision-making. Each division is headed by a Divisional Commissioner who acts as the administrative head and represents the government at the divisional level. This has helped in effective implementation of government policies and programs, as well as in addressing the specific needs and issues of the respective divisions.

Furthermore, the divisional structure has improved coordination and communication between the central government and the local administrations. It has facilitated better allocation of resources and has enhanced the delivery of public services to the people. The divisional structure has also allowed for better monitoring and evaluation of government activities, ensuring accountability and transparency in governance.

Divisional Boundaries and Names

You have seven divisional boundaries and names in Bangladesh. Each division is further divided into districts for administrative purposes. The divisional boundaries were established in 1983 as part of a decentralization program to improve governance and regional development in the country. The seven divisions and their respective boundaries and names are as follows:

Division Boundary
Barisal Barisal, Bhola, Jhalokati, Pirojpur
Chittagong Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Bandarban
Dhaka Dhaka, Gazipur, Tangail
Khulna Khulna, Bagerhat, Jessore, Narail
Mymensingh Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Sherpur
Rajshahi Rajshahi, Chapainawabganj, Naogaon
Rangpur Rangpur, Dinajpur, Lalmonirhat

Each division has its own unique demographics and development plans. For example, the Dhaka division, which includes the capital city of Dhaka, has a higher population density and is the economic and political center of the country. On the other hand, the Rangpur division, located in the northern part of Bangladesh, has a more rural and agricultural character.

The government of Bangladesh has implemented various divisional development plans to address the specific needs and challenges of each division. These plans aim to promote economic growth, improve infrastructure, and enhance the overall quality of life for the residents. The divisional development plans often include initiatives in sectors such as agriculture, education, healthcare, transportation, and tourism.

Number of Divisions in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, there are currently seven divisions, each with its own unique demographics and development plans. These divisions are Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Barisal, Sylhet, and Rangpur. The population density and economic development vary across these divisions, reflecting the diverse nature of the country.

Dhaka Division, the most populous division, is also the economic and political center of Bangladesh. It has a high population density and is home to the capital city, Dhaka. With its thriving industries and commercial activities, Dhaka Division contributes significantly to the country's overall economic growth.

Chittagong Division, located in the southeastern part of Bangladesh, is the country's second-largest division. It has a strategic location with access to both the Bay of Bengal and the northeastern states of India. Chittagong Port, the largest seaport in Bangladesh, plays a crucial role in facilitating international trade and contributing to the division's economic development.

Rajshahi Division, situated in the northwest, is known for its agricultural productivity. The fertile land and favorable climate make it a major contributor to the country's food production. The division is also home to several educational institutions, including Rajshahi University, which adds to its significance.

Khulna Division, located in the southwest, is another important agricultural region. It's known for its jute production and contributes significantly to the country's export earnings. The Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also part of this division, attracting tourists and supporting the local economy.

Barisal Division, situated in the southern part of Bangladesh, is known for its rivers and waterways. Agriculture and fisheries are the main sources of income here. The division has a moderate population density and is working towards further economic development.

Sylhet Division, located in the northeast, is known for its tea gardens and natural beauty. It attracts tourists and contributes to the country's tourism industry. The division is also a hub for education and healthcare services.

Rangpur Division, situated in the north, is primarily an agricultural region. It's known for its production of crops like rice, wheat, and sugarcane. The division is working towards enhancing its infrastructure and improving its transportation network to further boost economic development.

Functions and Responsibilities of Divisions

The functions and responsibilities of the divisions in Bangladesh encompass a wide range of administrative, developmental, and governance tasks. Each division has specific functions and responsibilities that contribute to the overall functioning of the country.

The divisions in Bangladesh are defined by their geographical boundaries and names. The country is divided into eight divisions: Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur, and Sylhet. Each division is further divided into districts, which are the primary administrative units.

The main functions of the divisions include ensuring the implementation of government policies and programs at the grassroots level, maintaining law and order, and providing essential services to the people. They're responsible for the overall development of their respective regions, including infrastructure development, healthcare facilities, education, and agriculture.

The divisions also play a crucial role in disaster management and emergency response. They coordinate relief efforts during natural disasters, such as floods and cyclones, and ensure the safety and well-being of the affected population.

Additionally, the divisions act as a bridge between the central government and the local government bodies. They facilitate the decentralization of power and decision-making, ensuring effective governance and efficient service delivery.

Importance of Divisions in Bangladesh's Administration

Divisions in Bangladesh play a vital role in the administration of the country, ensuring efficient governance and effective service delivery. Here are three reasons why divisions are important in Bangladesh's administration:

  1. Role of divisions in economic development:

Divisions serve as important units in the economic development of Bangladesh. They play a crucial role in implementing government policies and programs aimed at promoting economic growth and reducing regional disparities. Divisions act as centers for industrial development, trade, and investment promotion, attracting businesses and creating employment opportunities. They also facilitate infrastructure development, such as transportation networks and power generation, which are essential for economic progress.

  1. Challenges faced by divisions in implementing policies:

Despite their importance, divisions face various challenges in effectively implementing policies. One major challenge is the lack of coordination and cooperation among different government agencies and departments operating within the divisions. This often leads to delays and inefficiencies in policy implementation. Additionally, limited financial resources and capacity constraints hinder divisions' ability to effectively implement policies and programs. Moreover, political interference and corruption sometimes undermine the smooth functioning of divisions, affecting their effectiveness in delivering services to the people.

  1. Importance of divisions in decentralized governance:

Divisions act as key units in decentralized governance, bringing administration closer to the people. They help in ensuring effective public service delivery and better responsiveness to local needs and demands. Divisions are responsible for providing health services, education, infrastructure, and other essential services to the people within their jurisdiction. This decentralized approach helps in promoting citizen participation and accountability, as people can directly engage with divisional authorities to address their concerns and seek redressal.


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