Districts Of Bangladesh

geographic divisions in bangladesh

Are you curious about the districts of Bangladesh? Well, buckle up because we're about to take you on a whirlwind tour. From the historical background to the geographical distribution, we'll cover it all. Get ready to explore the economic significance, cultural and historical importance, and the challenges faced by these districts. And don't worry, we'll also discuss the future prospects. So sit back, relax, and let us be your guide through the fascinating world of Bangladesh's districts.

Key Takeaways

  • Districts in Bangladesh serve as local administrative units, implementing government policies and delivering public services.
  • The number of districts in Bangladesh has changed over time, reflecting historical and political developments.
  • Each district in Bangladesh is known for major industries and economic activities, contributing significantly to the national GDP.
  • Districts in Bangladesh face challenges such as inadequate transportation systems, environmental problems, and socio-economic issues.


Bangladesh, a country located in South Asia, is known for its rich history and vibrant culture. The administrative structure of Bangladesh is organized into districts, which play a crucial role in governance and development. These districts serve as the local administrative units, responsible for implementing government policies, delivering public services, and maintaining law and order within their respective jurisdictions.

Brief overview of Bangladesh

Once you understand the rich history and diverse culture of this fascinating country, you will be captivated by all that Bangladesh has to offer. Located in South Asia, Bangladesh is bordered by India and Myanmar and has a population of over 160 million people. The country has a parliamentary democracy and a vibrant economy, with industries like textiles, agriculture, and manufacturing driving its growth. Bangladesh is known for its beautiful landscapes, including the Sundarbans mangrove forest, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The country also boasts a rich cultural heritage, with Bengali being the official language and Islam being the predominant religion. Exploring Bangladesh will reveal its warm-hearted people, delicious cuisine, and stunning historical sites like the ancient ruins of Mahasthangarh. Discover the magic of Bangladesh for yourself and experience the freedom of immersing in its diverse culture and natural beauty.

Capital City Dhaka
Official Language Bengali
Population 160 million

Importance of districts in the administrative structure

To truly understand the administrative structure of Bangladesh, you must recognize the significance of districts as well as the coordination and cooperation they provide. Districts play a crucial role in the governance and administration of Bangladesh. There are a total of 64 districts in the country, each with its own administrative headquarters. These districts serve as a vital link between the central government and the local communities. They ensure the efficient delivery of public services, including healthcare, education, and infrastructure development, to the people living within their jurisdiction. Districts also play a key role in maintaining law and order, as they house police stations and courts. Moreover, districts facilitate democratic processes by conducting elections and representing the interests and concerns of the local population. In summary, districts are integral to the administrative structure of Bangladesh, ensuring effective governance and empowering local communities.

Historical Background

Let's take a look at the historical background of districts in Bangladesh. Over the years, the evolution of districts has seen significant changes in boundaries and names. Understanding these changes can provide valuable insights into the development and administration of different regions within the country.

Evolution of districts in Bangladesh

You can trace the development of districts in Bangladesh back to the British colonial era. During the British rule, the concept of districts was introduced as a way to administer and govern different regions. The British divided the territory of present-day Bangladesh into different administrative units, known as districts. These districts served as the primary administrative divisions, with each district being headed by a District Collector appointed by the British government. Over time, the number of districts in Bangladesh has changed as the country went through various political and administrative changes. Currently, Bangladesh is divided into 64 districts, each with its own administrative structure and local governance. The evolution of districts in Bangladesh reflects the historical and political developments that have taken place in the country over the years.

Changes in boundaries and names over the years

Throughout history, the boundaries and names of districts in Bangladesh have undergone changes, primarily due to political and administrative reasons. These changes have shaped the country's administrative divisions, reflecting its evolving political landscape. To provide a glimpse into this historical background, here is a table showcasing the significant changes in the district boundaries and names over the years:

Year District Name (Previous) District Name (Current)
1947 East Bengal Dhaka
1978 Dacca Dhaka
1984 Faridpur Rajbari
1984 Kushtia Kushtia
1984 Noakhali Lakshmipur

Note: This table is not exhaustive, but it provides a glimpse into the dynamic nature of district boundaries and names in Bangladesh. These changes reflect the country's historical, political, and administrative transformations, showcasing its commitment to freedom and progress.

Overview of Districts

Let's take a closer look at the overview of districts in Bangladesh. There are a total of 64 districts in the country, each playing a crucial role in governance and administration. These districts hold significant importance in terms of local governance, service delivery, and representation, making them an essential part of Bangladesh's administrative structure.

Total number of districts

There are currently 64 districts in Bangladesh, each playing a unique role in the country's administrative system. These districts are responsible for the local governance and delivery of essential services to the people. The district administration is headed by a Deputy Commissioner, who is appointed by the government and acts as the chief executive officer of the district. Each district is further divided into Upazilas, which are responsible for the local administration at a smaller level. The districts of Bangladesh are crucial in maintaining law and order, implementing government policies, and providing public services such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure development. They also play a significant role in ensuring the overall development and progress of the country.

Name & List Of All Districts

Take a look at the name and list of all districts in Bangladesh to get an overview of the country's administrative divisions. Here is a list of the districts in Bangladesh:

  1. Dhaka: The capital city and economic hub of Bangladesh.
  2. Chittagong: The second-largest city and major seaport of Bangladesh.
  3. Sylhet: Known for its beautiful tea gardens and religious sites.
  4. Rajshahi: Famous for its mangoes and historical landmarks.

These districts, along with the others in Bangladesh, play a crucial role in the governance and development of the country. Each district has its own unique characteristics and contributes to the overall progress of Bangladesh. By understanding the name and list of all districts, you can gain a better understanding of the diversity and richness of this South Asian nation.

Role and significance of districts in governance

To understand the importance of districts in governance, you must recognize the significant role each district plays in the overall administration and development of Bangladesh. Districts serve as administrative units that help in the effective implementation of government policies and programs at the grassroots level. They act as the focal points for delivering public services and ensuring the welfare of the citizens. Districts play a crucial role in maintaining law and order, providing education and healthcare facilities, and promoting economic development in their respective areas. They also act as intermediaries between the central government and the local communities, channeling resources and addressing the needs of the people. Furthermore, districts play a vital role in facilitating democratic processes by conducting elections and ensuring citizen participation in decision-making. Overall, districts in Bangladesh are essential in promoting good governance and inclusive development throughout the country.

Geographical Distribution

Now let's take a closer look at the geographical distribution of districts in Bangladesh. The country is divided into several divisions, each containing a number of districts. Each district is home to major cities and towns that play significant roles in the region's social and economic development. Understanding the division-wise breakdown and the key urban centers within each district provides valuable insights into the geographic landscape of Bangladesh.

Division-wise breakdown of districts

You can find a comprehensive breakdown of districts in Bangladesh based on their geographical distribution within each division. Here is a list of the divisions and the number of districts they contain:

  1. Barisal Division: This division is located in the southern part of Bangladesh and consists of six districts, namely Barisal, Barguna, Bhola, Jhalokati, Patuakhali, and Pirojpur.
  2. Chittagong Division: Situated in the southeastern region, Chittagong Division has 11 districts, including Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Feni, Khagrachhari, Laxmipur, Noakhali, Rangamati, Bandarban, Brahmanbaria, Chandpur, and Comilla.
  3. Dhaka Division: The capital city, Dhaka, is part of this division, which comprises 17 districts in total. Some notable districts are Gazipur, Narayanganj, Narsingdi, and Tangail.
  4. Khulna Division: Located in the southwestern part of the country, Khulna Division contains 10 districts, including Bagerhat, Chuadanga, Jessore, Jhenaidah, Khulna, Kushtia, Magura, Meherpur, Narail, and Satkhira.

This breakdown allows you to understand the distribution of districts in Bangladesh and their respective divisions.

Major cities and towns in each district

Take a look at the major cities and towns located in each district of Bangladesh and their geographical distribution. In Dhaka district, the capital city of Dhaka is the major urban center, offering a bustling hub of business, culture, and government. Chittagong district, on the other hand, is home to the city of Chittagong, a major port and industrial city located on the southeastern coast. In Sylhet district, the city of Sylhet is known for its tea gardens and is a popular tourist destination. Rajshahi district is home to the city of Rajshahi, known for its silk industry and historical sites. These are just a few examples of the major cities and towns spread across the districts of Bangladesh, each offering its own unique features and attractions.

Economic Significance

Now let's take a look at the economic significance of the districts in Bangladesh. Each district is known for its major industries and economic activities, which contribute significantly to the national GDP. Understanding the economic landscape of each district helps us grasp the diverse economic potential and development across Bangladesh.

Major industries and economic activities in each district

Explore the diverse range of major industries and economic activities in each district, showcasing their economic significance.

  1. Dhaka: Dhaka district is the economic hub of Bangladesh, with major industries including textiles, pharmaceuticals, and manufacturing. It is home to the Dhaka Stock Exchange and numerous multinational corporations, contributing significantly to the country's GDP.
  2. Chittagong: Chittagong district is known for its thriving port, which serves as a gateway for international trade. Industries such as shipbuilding, steel, and garments flourish here, making it a key player in the country's export sector.
  3. Sylhet: Sylhet district is famous for its tea production, with tea gardens dotting the landscape. It also has a significant presence in the tourism industry, attracting visitors with its natural beauty and historical sites.
  4. Rajshahi: Rajshahi district is primarily agricultural, known for its production of mangoes, lychees, and rice. It is also a major center for silk production and handicrafts, contributing to the local economy and preserving traditional skills.

These major industries and economic activities in each district play a crucial role in driving the economic growth and development of Bangladesh.

Contribution of each district to the national GDP

Discover how each district in Bangladesh contributes to the national GDP and understand their economic significance. Bangladesh is divided into 64 districts, each with its unique economic profile. Dhaka, the capital city, is the largest contributor to the national GDP, accounting for approximately 36% of the country's total economic output. It is a major hub for industries such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, and information technology. Chittagong, the second-largest city, is another significant contributor, with its bustling seaport and heavy industries playing a crucial role in the country's economy. Other districts like Gazipur, Narayanganj, and Khulna also make substantial contributions through their manufacturing and export-oriented industries. While some districts specialize in agriculture, such as Barisal and Rajshahi, others like Sylhet and Cox's Bazar rely heavily on tourism and natural resources. Understanding each district's economic significance helps in formulating targeted policies for their development and growth.

Cultural and Historical Importance

Bangladesh's districts are rich in cultural diversity and historical significance. Each district has its own unique cultural practices and festivals that showcase the vibrant traditions of the region. Additionally, the country is home to numerous historical landmarks and tourist attractions that provide insights into its rich history and heritage.

Unique cultural practices and festivals in different districts

Immerse yourself in the unique cultural practices and festivals of different districts in Bangladesh to truly experience their historical and cultural importance. Here are four examples that showcase the diverse traditions and celebrations found throughout the country:

  1. Pahela Baishakh – Celebrated on April 14th, this festival marks the Bengali New Year. People dress in traditional attire, participate in colorful processions, and indulge in traditional food and music.
  2. Rash Mela – Held in the district of Kushtia, this festival celebrates the life and work of the famous poet Lalon Shah. Devotees gather to sing and dance, paying homage to his teachings and philosophy.
  3. Kartik Puja – Observed in the district of Khulna, this festival honors the Hindu goddess Kali. Elaborate rituals, prayers, and cultural performances take place during this auspicious time.
  4. Bhawal Rajbari Fair – Located in Gazipur district, this fair showcases the rich heritage of the Bhawal region. Visitors can witness traditional dances, music, art, and craftsmanship, providing a glimpse into the cultural past of Bangladesh.

Historical landmarks and tourist attractions

You can explore the historical landmarks and tourist attractions of Bangladesh, as they hold significant cultural and historical importance. One notable destination is the Lalbagh Fort in Dhaka, built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Its stunning architecture and lush gardens make it a popular spot for locals and tourists alike. Another must-visit site is the Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest mangrove forest in the world. Here, you can witness the unique biodiversity of the region, including the Royal Bengal Tiger. For history enthusiasts, the ancient ruins of Mahasthangarh in Bogra are a must-see. It is one of the oldest archaeological sites in Bangladesh, dating back to the 3rd century BCE. These attractions offer a glimpse into Bangladesh's rich cultural heritage and are sure to leave you in awe.

Challenges Faced by Districts

Districts in Bangladesh face various challenges in terms of infrastructure, environmental issues, and socio-economic conditions. The inadequate transportation system and lack of proper roads hinder the development of these districts. Additionally, environmental problems such as water pollution and deforestation pose significant threats to the overall well-being of the districts. Furthermore, socio-economic challenges, including poverty, unemployment, and income inequality, further exacerbate the difficulties faced by these districts.

Infrastructure challenges

To fully address the infrastructure challenges faced by the districts, it is important to consider the availability and quality of roads. Here are four key points to understand the current infrastructure challenges:

  1. Inadequate road network: Many districts in Bangladesh lack a well-connected road network, making it difficult for people and goods to move efficiently. This hampers economic growth and development.
  2. Poor road conditions: The quality of roads is often subpar, with potholes, cracks, and uneven surfaces. This not only affects the safety of commuters but also leads to increased maintenance costs and delays in transportation.
  3. Insufficient bridges and culverts: Many districts face challenges in terms of inadequate bridges and culverts, which restrict the movement of people and goods, particularly during the monsoon season when flooding is common.
  4. Limited access to electricity and communication: Some districts struggle with limited access to basic infrastructure like electricity and reliable communication networks. This hampers the overall development and connectivity of the area.

Addressing these infrastructure challenges is crucial for fostering economic growth, enhancing connectivity, and improving the overall quality of life in the districts of Bangladesh.

Environmental issues

Facing numerous challenges, districts in Bangladesh are grappling with environmental issues that require immediate attention. The table below highlights some of the major environmental issues faced by districts in Bangladesh:

Environmental Issue Impact
Water Pollution Contamination of water sources, leading to health hazards and scarcity of clean water
Air Pollution Degradation of air quality, causing respiratory problems and other health issues
Deforestation Loss of forest cover, leading to habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity
Soil Erosion Loss of fertile soil, affecting agricultural productivity and food security
Climate Change Rising sea levels, increased frequency of natural disasters, and changing weather patterns

These environmental challenges pose significant threats to the well-being and sustainability of districts in Bangladesh. Urgent measures are needed to address these issues and protect the environment for future generations.

Socio-economic challenges

You frequently encounter various socio-economic challenges in districts of Bangladesh, which require immediate attention and action. These challenges affect the lives of people living in the districts and hinder their progress and development. Here are four key socio-economic challenges faced by districts in Bangladesh:

  1. Poverty: Many districts in Bangladesh have high poverty rates, leading to a lack of basic necessities such as food, education, and healthcare.
  2. Unemployment: Job opportunities are limited in many districts, resulting in high unemployment rates and a lack of income-generating opportunities.
  3. Education: Access to quality education is a challenge in several districts, with inadequate infrastructure and limited resources affecting the learning outcomes of students.
  4. Infrastructure: Insufficient infrastructure, including roads, electricity, and water supply, hampers the overall development and economic growth of districts.

Addressing these challenges is crucial to improving the socio-economic conditions in the districts and ensuring a better future for the people of Bangladesh.

Future Prospects

Looking ahead, there are several development plans and projects in the pipeline for different districts of Bangladesh. These initiatives aim to improve infrastructure, promote industrial growth, and enhance the overall quality of life for residents. Additionally, the country's diverse landscapes and cultural heritage offer great potential for tourism, which can contribute to economic growth and create employment opportunities.

Development plans and projects for different districts

As you explore the districts of Bangladesh, you will discover various development plans and projects that are being implemented for their future prospects. These initiatives aim to improve the infrastructure, economy, and living conditions in different districts across the country. Here are some notable development plans and projects:

  1. Infrastructure Development: The government is investing in infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, and railways to improve connectivity within and between districts. These projects will enhance transportation networks and facilitate trade and commerce.
  2. Industrial Expansion: Special economic zones are being established in different districts to attract local and foreign investments. These zones will create employment opportunities and contribute to economic growth by promoting industrial development.
  3. Agriculture Modernization: Various districts are implementing projects to modernize agriculture practices, increase productivity, and ensure food security. These initiatives include introducing advanced farming techniques, providing farmers with access to credit and technology, and promoting agricultural diversification.
  4. Tourism Promotion: Several districts are focusing on tourism development to showcase their unique cultural heritage, natural beauty, and historical landmarks. Efforts are being made to improve tourist facilities, promote eco-tourism, and attract both domestic and international visitors.

Through these development plans and projects, Bangladesh aims to foster sustainable growth, create employment opportunities, and enhance the overall quality of life in its districts.

Potential for tourism and economic growth

There are immense opportunities for tourism and economic growth in the districts of Bangladesh. With its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, and historical sites, the country has the potential to attract a large number of tourists. The government of Bangladesh has identified this potential and has been taking steps to promote tourism in various districts. For instance, they have developed infrastructure, improved transportation, and provided incentives for investment in the tourism sector. Moreover, the districts themselves offer unique attractions that cater to different interests. From the beautiful beaches of Cox's Bazar to the ancient ruins of Mahasthangarh in Bogra, there is something for everyone. The table below highlights some of the key attractions in different districts:

District | Key Attractions

——– | ————–

Cox's Bazar | Longest natural sandy beach in the world

Sundarbans | Largest mangrove forest and home to the Royal Bengal Tiger

Rangamati | Scenic beauty of Kaptai Lake and indigenous tribal culture

Sylhet | Famous tea gardens, the historical Shah Jalal Shrine, and Jaflong's natural beauty

As the tourism industry grows, it will not only create job opportunities but also contribute significantly to the country's economy. With continued efforts, Bangladesh has the potential to become a popular tourist destination and drive economic growth in the districts.


You should take into account all the information provided about the districts of Bangladesh before making any conclusions. Throughout this article, we have explored various aspects of the districts, including their geographical location, historical significance, cultural heritage, potential for tourism and economic growth, and administrative divisions. Now, let's summarize the key points to consider:

  1. Diversity: Bangladesh is a country of immense diversity, and this is reflected in its districts. Each district has its own unique characteristics, from the bustling metropolitan areas to the serene rural landscapes. It is important to acknowledge and appreciate this diversity when drawing conclusions about the districts.
  2. Economic Potential: The districts of Bangladesh offer significant potential for economic growth. With their strategic locations, natural resources, and thriving industries, they contribute to the overall development of the country. When considering the economic prospects of Bangladesh, it is crucial to take into account the specific contributions of each district.
  3. Cultural Heritage: The districts of Bangladesh are rich in cultural heritage. From ancient archaeological sites to traditional arts and crafts, each district has its own cultural identity. It is important to recognize and preserve this heritage when drawing conclusions about the districts' cultural significance.
  4. Governmental Structure: Bangladesh is divided into administrative divisions, which are further divided into districts. This hierarchical structure ensures effective governance and facilitates the implementation of policies and development initiatives. When analyzing the districts, it is essential to understand their place within this governmental structure.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Population Size of Each District in Bangladesh?

The population size of each district in Bangladesh varies. It is important to note that different districts have different population densities due to factors such as geographical location, urbanization, and economic activities. Therefore, it is difficult to provide a specific population size for each district without considering these contextual factors. However, it is possible to find reliable data on the population size of individual districts through government sources or statistical databases.

Are There Any Specific Natural Disasters That Frequently Affect Certain Districts in Bangladesh?

Certain districts in Bangladesh are frequently affected by specific natural disasters. These disasters coincide with the geographical location and climate conditions of these districts. For example, coastal districts like Patuakhali and Bhola are prone to cyclones and storm surges due to their proximity to the Bay of Bengal. Similarly, districts in the northern region, such as Rangpur and Kurigram, are susceptible to flooding during the monsoon season. These natural disasters bring both challenges and opportunities for the people living in these districts.

How Are the Districts of Bangladesh Governed and What Is the Role of Local Government in Each District?

The districts of Bangladesh are governed by local government bodies known as district councils. Each district has its own council, which is responsible for various administrative tasks, such as maintaining law and order, providing public services, and implementing development projects. The local government plays a crucial role in ensuring the welfare of the people in each district by addressing their needs and concerns. Through their elected representatives, the local government works towards promoting the overall development and well-being of the district.

Which District in Bangladesh Is Known for Its Unique Cultural Traditions and Festivals?

In Bangladesh, there is a district known for its unique cultural traditions and festivals. This district is a hub of vibrant celebrations and showcases the rich heritage of the country. The people here take pride in preserving their cultural roots and organizing various festivals throughout the year. From music and dance performances to traditional crafts and cuisine, this district offers a captivating experience for those seeking to immerse themselves in the cultural fabric of Bangladesh.

What Are the Major Industries or Sectors Contributing to the Economic Growth of Districts in Bangladesh?

You might be curious about the major industries or sectors contributing to the economic growth of districts in Bangladesh. Well, let me enlighten you! Various sectors play a vital role in driving the country's economy forward. From textiles and garments to agriculture and fishing, Bangladesh has a diverse range of industries. Additionally, the country's thriving pharmaceutical, IT, and manufacturing sectors contribute significantly to its economic development. These industries ensure a steady flow of income and employment opportunities for the districts of Bangladesh.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *